The following article describes how to install;
CentOS Linux version 5
Step 1. Download ISOs from the internet
- Linux ISO Torrent is no more, but Linuxtracker.org makes a fine substitute
- For CentOS ISOs I recommend Torrents Missors from CentOS project
- DVD ISOs make the install easier for PCs or VMWare, Virtual PC does not recognize ISO images over 2.2 Gb, but can map physical DVD drives.
Step 2. Burn ISO images to CD or DVD if necessary
Step 3. Boot from CD/DVD/ISO on;
- The PC you want to install Linux to
- Inside Microsoft Virtual PC
- Inside VMWare Workstation/Server
Step 4. The boot screen should look like this, hit Enter to continue.
- If the install doesn't go well for you, this is where you would try entering boot options
Step 5. The installer asks you check your install media, you only need to do this once for each set of discs, once that's done you can proceed with the rest of the install.
Step 6. There isn't very much to do here besides read the release notes, when you want to leave this screen, click Next.
Step 7. Choose the language you would like to use for this installation.
Step 8. Choose the language for the keyboard on this computer
If you don't see anything under Select Drives then you're VMWare Virtual Machine wasn't set to SCSI Drive and LSI Logic. You have to go back and rebuild the VM choose Custom Install, and the LSI Logic driver. Go do it now, and come back through these steps.
Step 9. Choose what to do with the existing partitions on the hard drive. The default settings are fine for most users, and Virtual PC or VMWare users.
Step 10. Last chance to save your old data, turn back now if you have any doubts.
Step 11. Default network settings look for a DHCP server on your network, the lower half of the screen is for manually setting static IP addresses.
Step 13. Choose your timezone.
Step 14. Create a password for the Root account. Root is a powerful administrative account. I highly recommend you make a strong password for this account, and don't use the Root account for everyday tasks. Whenever you need to use administrative privleges use the 'su' or 'sudo' commands to login as root briefly then do what you have to do, and get out.
Step 15. Take the basic install options.
Step 16. This is the end of the config settings for this part of the install.
Step 17. The drive will be formatted, a file system will be written to the drive, and then all of the installation files will be copied to the drive. If you had to use CDs to install this is the part where you will swap out the CDs every 10-20 minutes. DVD installs can run basically unattended until the system is ready to reboot.
Files start getting copied to the new system, and the billbiards begin to flash by, lots of good things in there about the documentation, software manager, CentOS wiki and other resources.
Step 18. Files are copied and the system is ready to boot into Linux for the first time.
Step 19. On reboot you'll see the boot loader, here is where you would choose to boot another operating system if you chose to multi-boot your system, or different versions of your kernel if you upgrade it.
Step 20. Files are loading, and Linux is booting for the first time.
Step 21. The welcome screen is one of the last few configuration screens, you can see the last six steps up on the left hand side of the screen.
Step 22. The Firewall settings, default is allow SSH so you can administer the machine remotely. This is a fine setting for real servers, on Virtual Machines it is probably less of a requirement if you are going to be using the GUI most of the time.
Step 25. Set the SELinux level, if you have no idea what this is, choose Permissive.
Step 26. Choose the Date and Time.
Step 27. Create a new user, since you won't be doing everything as root, you'll need a normal user account for regular activities.
CentOS didn't detect a soundcard under VMWare
Install any additional CDs?
First Login screen
Here's the CentOS 5 desktop.
Now that you have a CentOS desktop installed, watch this site for how-to guides, and other instructions.